21st March, 2015 (Saturday)

* Please scroll down for English Program.

《发展的反思与超克——探寻社会进步的另类可能》国际研讨会

International Conference 

Reflection on Development and Beyond: Exploring Alternatives to Social Progression

2015321日(星期六)

时间

议程

09:30-10:00

报到

10:00-10:20

开幕暨新书推介

开幕词:刘镇东  柔佛居銮区国会议员

大会主持:邓婉晴  众意媒体助理编辑

10:20-11:30

【主题演讲 1】 

马来西亚现代化图像:发展主义的批判

The Image of Malaysia’s Modernization: The Critique of Developmentalism

 本专题演讲旨在勾勒马来西亚自独立后作为以发展主義为主要信念的国家,其“发展”论述的转变与影响。2014年《经济学人》的全球权贵资本主义指数评比结果显示,马来西亚在23个国家中排名第三。处于工业化与全球化漩涡的马来西亚,因着打造国内国族建构需求与国际发展的局势,在不同的阶段颁布与实施新经济政策、向东学习、国家发展政策,2020年宏愿与“一个马来西亚”等,当中也历经1997年与2008年金融风暴,这些发展计划与论述如何形塑马来西亚从过去到今日的发展图像。问题与讨论:

  1. 什么是发展?什么是发展主义?马来西亚式的发展主义是什么?
  2. 国家与知识产制机构如何建构与巩固马来西亚的现代化发展?发展主义(甚至后发展主义)如何成为它主流的意识形态。
  3. 马来西亚的发展论述如何影响其国际的发展地位,又同时如何形塑我们的认同政治与经济生活?
  4. 我们如何反思与批判本土发展主义论述的变化与影响?

主讲人:Abdul Rahman Embong  马来西亚国民大学荣誉教授、马来西亚与国际研究所(IKMAS)首席研究员

主持人:Ahmad Fuad Rahmat  诺丁汉大学(马来西亚分校)文化研究博士候选人

11:30-11:50

茶叙
11:50-13:00

【主题演讲 2】

 从适当科技运动反思现代社会发展

The “Appropriate Technology” Movement and Social Development

 马来西亚脱离殖民成为独立国家,“发展”成为其迈向现代化与工业化的主旋律,而科学与技术被视为其中重要动力,因此,政府倡议建立重工业、打造多媒体走廊、知识科技产业转移等,並且引进與接纳跨国资本或财阀充满争议的鉅形发展计划,例如:稀土、石化工业,为将自身打造为进步科技工业化国家,而这也是许多东南亚国家或第三世界国家的“发展”缩影。这几年马来西亚出現多场反公害运动,讓人重新思考发展、科技与人的关系。适当科技运动起始於1970年代,我们是否能藉由其理念与实践,走出不一样的发展之路。问题与讨论:

  1. 为什么有对科学与技术的迷信?
  2. 什么是“适当科技”运动?
  3. 在全球资本发展主义下,“适当科技”的理念如何展开不一样的实践?
  4.  适当科技与社区营造的关系为何?人民如何主动参与?

主讲人:陈信行  台湾世新大学社会发展研究所副教授

主持人:张溦紟  自由工作者

13:00-14:30

午餐
14:30-16:00

【讨论组一】

 从地方治理看发展的困境与超克

Overcoming the Dilemma of Development: The Local Governance Perspective

 为促进地方经济发展,以及减少人才不再外流,许多城镇的传统经济生产活动逐渐退位,反之旅游等服务业、文化创意产业逐渐兴起。经济发展、社会民生、环境保育、居民培力一直是地方发展环环相扣的议题。如何打破城市/乡村二元的发展框架,进一步思考地方更多元发展的可能。问题与讨论:

  1. 地方治理的挑战有什么?地方发展的主要课题是什么?
  2. 如何打破城市/乡村二元框架,从地方思考多元发展的可能?
  3. 以自身所处的地方特征,应对都市化与现代化的历程,如何反思发展?

与会者:

蔡依霖  霹雳州太平十八丁区州议员

叶舒惠  槟城玻璃池滑区州议员

Adrian Banie Lasimbang  沙巴乡村发展之友(TONIBUNG)

主持人:黄书琪   柔佛州士乃区州议员 

16:00-16:20

茶叙
16:20-17:50

【讨论组二】

 全球化下都市发展与空间创造:异质与混杂

The Development of Urban Spaces under GlobalizationHeterogeneity & Hybridity

 全球化下都市扩张、文化保育与生存空间问题愈发紧张。在趋向某种阶级的都市空间打造过程中,高楼大厦、大型连锁国际商店、消费性地景形成都市主要面貌。然而,都市有人,人嵌在空间里。我们如何打造符合异质且多元的人们不同需求的生存空间呢?问题与讨论:

  1. 全球化下都市发展的面貌是如何?现在的主流都市规划如何与发展连结起来?
  2.  现代化发展与环境文化保育的关系是什麼?
  3. 分享另类的都市空间规划与发展。

与会者:

卢日明  中国宁波诺丁汉大学科学与工程学院建筑与环境系助理教授

Prof. Dr. Mohamad Tajuddin bin Haji Mohamad Rasdi  马来西亚思特亚大学(UCSI)建筑环境与工程学院的建筑系教授

郑达馨  窝工房创办兼合伙人

主持人:庄易凡  民主行动党国会政策研究员

18:00

结束

   * 本会保留修改与更动场次内容的权利

 

International Conference

Reflection on Development and Beyond: Exploring Alternatives to Social Progression

21st March, 2015 (Saturday)

Time

Agenda Item
09:30-10:00

Registration

10:00-10:20

Opening Remarks & Book Launch

Opening Speech: Liew Chin Tong  (Member of Parliament for Kluang, Johor)

                 Master of Ceremony: Tung Wan Qing  (Genta Media Assistant Editor)  

10:20-11:30

 Keynote Speech 1 

The Image of Malaysia’s Modernization: The Critique of Developmentalism 

The main objective of this session is to examine the changes and results of the ‘development’ discourse, especially after the independence of Malaysia where developmentalism became the important national vision. In 2004, The Economist magazine released the results of its Crony Capitalism Index, Malaysia ranked third among the 23 countries surveyed.  In the industrialisation and globalisation era, Malaysia has proposed and practised a series of policies such as the New Economy Policy, Look East Policy, National Development Policy, 2020 Vision, One Malaysia, etc, for the purpose of nation building and to fit into the international developmental framework. However, Malaysia also went through financial crises in 1997 and 2008. How would these development projects and discourses shape Malaysia’s development vision?

Discussion Questions:

  1. What is development, developmentalism, and developmentalism in the Malaysian context?
  2. How does the state and knowledge-production mechanism construct and reinforce Malaysia’s modern development? How has developmentalism (even post-developmentalism) become a mainstream ideology?
  3. How does Malaysia’s development discourse affect its position at the international level, and how does it shape our identity politics and economic life?
  4. How do we reflect and critique the changes and consequences of the local developmentalism discourse?

Speaker: Prof. Emeritus Dato’ Dr. Abdul Rahman Embong  (Emeritus Professor in Sociology of Development and Principal Fellow of  Institute of Malaysian and International Studies (IKMAS), National University of Malaysia (Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKM))

Moderator: Ahmad Fuad Rahmat (PhD candidate in Cultural Studies at Nottingham University Malaysia Campus)

11:30-11:50

Tea Break
11:50-13:00

 Keynote Speech 2 

The “Appropriate Technology” Movement and Social Development

Malaysia has been striving to become a modernized and industrialized country since its independence. As science and technology are seen as important forces to bring development, the government invests heavily on heavy industries, the Multimedia Super Corridor, information technology upgrading; and also accepts transnational capital by approving controversial mega development projects such as rare earth plants, petrochemical plants, etc.. This phenomenon is not unique to Malaysia, it is a microcosm of what is taking place in South East Asian nations as well as other developing countries.

In response to this, anti-public hazards movements are flourishing in Malaysia as actions of resistance, as the people start to rethink and reflect on their relationship with development and technology. By adopting the idea of the “appropriate technology” movement which has evolved since 1970s, are we able to seek a different path of development by experiencing and practising its ideology?

Discussion Questions:

  1. Why is there a blind faith in science and technology?
  2. What is the “appropriate technology” movement?
  3. How can “appropriate technology” be used to in different practices in this globalized capitalist era?
  4. What is the relationship between appropriate technology and community building? How do people actively engage in it?

Speaker: Assoc. Prof. Chen Hsin-Hsing   (Associate Professor in the Graduate Institute for Social Transformation Studies, Shih-Hsin University, Taiwan)

Moderator: Cheong Wey Jin   (Freelance)

13:00-14:30

Lunch
14:30-16:00

 Session 1

Overcoming the Dilemma of Development: The Local Governance Perspective

In recent years, as traditional economic activities in cities and towns such as agriculture, farming, fisheries industries are gradually dying, new sectors such as tourism and cultural creative industries are fast rising in the hope of improving local economic development and to address talent migration. Economic development, social livelihood, environmental preservation, and people empowerment are among the issues that are closely related to local development. How do we go beyond the urban/rural binary framework to further explore the possibilities of diverse development from the local perspectives?

Discussion Questions:

  1. What are the challenges in local governance? What are the main issues in local development?
  2. How do we go beyond the urban / rural binary framework to explore the possibilities of diverse development from the local perspectives?
  3. How can we rethink development, based on the local characteristics of the location in which we stay, in response to urbanization and modernization?

Panelists:

Chua Yee Ling   (State Assemblyman for Kuala Sepetang, Perak)

Yap Soo Huey    ( State Assemblyman for PulauTikus, Penang)

Adrian Banie Lasimbang (Executive Director at TONIBUNG, Sabah)

Moderator: Suki Wong Shu Qi  (State Assemblyman for Senai, Johor)

16:00-16:20

Tea Break
16:20-17:50

 Session 2 

The Development of Urban Spaces under Globalization: Heterogeneity & Hybridity

The globalized phenomenon of urban expansionism has intensified the tension and problems of cultural preservation and space for living in societies. As urban planning inclines to favour certain classes in a society, the proliferation of high-rise buildings and mega international chain stores that encourage consumerism has become a major fixture of the urban landscape. However, we must not forget that humans are living in the cities, people are staying in these spaces. How can we create a living space in a heterogeneous society to suit people’s hybridity?

Discussion Questions:

  1. How does urban development look like under the context of globalization? How can we connect the current mainstream urban plans with their future development?
  2. What is the relationship between modern development and environmental and cultural conservation?
  3. Please share your experience or views on alternative urban planning and development.

Panelists: 

Asst. Prof. Loo Yat Ming   (Assistant Professor in Architecture & Built Environment, Faculty of Science and Engineering, The University of Nottingham Ningbo China)

Prof. Dr. Mohamad Tajuddin bin Haji Mohamad Rasdi  (Professor in the Department of Architecture, Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering, UCSI University)

Tey Tat Sing  (Co-founder of tetawowe atelier )

Moderator:  Chung Yi Fan  (Parliamentary Researcher Democratic Action Party)

18:00

End

 

* The organizer reserves the right to amend and change the content of the conference.